Orientation 1 : The social and cognitive mapping of policy

Twelve reports present the social and cognitive mapping of a sector in a country. Read more ...


Orientation 2 : Knowledge and policy-making

24 cases studies examine the place of knowledge in public action. Read more ...


Orientation 3 : Supra-national instruments : fabrication, circulation and use

Case studies on the fabrication, circulation and use of two supra-national knowledge based regulation tools : PISA (OECD) and the Mental Health Declaration for Europe (WHO). Read more ...


Orientation 3 : National instruments : fabrication, circulation and use

12 case studies on national knowledge based regulation tools. Read more ...


Literature review and theoretical framework

11 reports reviewing the literature on specific topics and 1 integrative report developing a theoretical framework Read more ...


Integrative reports

Integrative reports are synthesis of the case studies undertaken in the three orientations. In addition to the integrative reports written by the KNOWandPOL teams, you will find some synthesis made by external experts. Read more ...


In Europe, information and expertise are now both more widely distributed and more readily accessible than ever before. At the same time, expectations of transparency and public accountability have increased. In many ways, knowledge is coming to play a new role in policy: we can now distinguish ’post-bureaucratic’ from conventional ’bureaucratic’ regimes and show that each presupposes a specific kind of knowledge and a specific way of using it. While bureaucratic modes of governance require ‘established’ bodies of knowledge to be translated into ‘vertical’ regulations; post-bureaucratic modes of governance consist rather in attempting to turn actors’ autonomy and reflexivity into a means of governing.


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