The influence of Local Decision-Makers, Street-Level Bureaucrats and Lay Actors in the Making of the Hungarian Integrated Education Public Action

The broad term of local knowledge can result in diverse meanings. In what follows we will discuss (a) knowledge as a tool for creating local policies by local public officials such as local decision-makers and members of the city administration; (b) the knowledge of street-level practitioners; and (c) the knowledge of laymen users of education services. Read more ...


Regulation of end-of-life-decisions. The advance directive and the will of the patient

The case study of the German Health team analyses the societal and political attempts towards a legal regulation of end-of-life-decisions by the advance directive (living will, end-of-life-arrangement). Read more ...


The Role of Local Actors in the Special Education Policy in Hungary

A lack of public debate, lack of listening to the voice of local actors is the most commonly articulated criticism to the events of the PA, most decisions were made top-down, with very little influence by local actors, especially at the beginning of the program. Read more ...


User’s knowledge

experience based knowledge Read more ...


Local Actors within the Implementation Phase of the Public Action

The role of local actors is mainly confined to the implementation phase of the public action. But it must not be underestimated in other phases of public action. Read more ...


Experts or instruments?

Post-bureaucratic governance develops a multiplicity of knowledge-based instruments, which contrast and sometimes conflict with the traditional authority of experts. It also complicates the problem of governance, as each instrument fosters a certain way of seeing the world and of organizing relationships among public officials, citizens and professional and other groups.


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