Article from the author : VON DER HAGEN Alma

Knowledge as legitimation in specific sectors

Scientific advice is a source of legitimisation in the political field. But as such, it nourishes the naive expectation of a hand-in-hand task-sharing between science and policy. Read more ...


Scientific knowledge and its contingency

The boundaries between the representation of the social world – the knowledge about the world – and the “reality” of the social world are blurring within constructivistic approaches. This changes the focus on the production of scientific knowledge. Read more ...


Policy as a rhetorical effect

Knowledge plays the role of both giving the novelty a citable, remarkable and observable shape and of identifying the public action as something which changes the world. Read more ...


Knowledge as knowledge for policy

The expectation towards scientific and other forms of knowledge as a source for legitimisation, towards “experts as guarantors” is still vital. Read more ...


Local Actors within the Implementation Phase of the Public Action

The role of local actors is mainly confined to the implementation phase of the public action. But it must not be underestimated in other phases of public action. Read more ...


Knowledge as practice

The criterion for practical success is connectivity. Knowledge of any kind or origin has to have a special format when entering the political sphere. Read more ...


Targeting knowledge within the process of knowledge transformation

To define, which children are healthy and which are not, who has "regular" and who has "special" needs in Education is traditionally a question of medical and psychological matter. For long times it seemed that these questions can be answered objectively through standardised testing and other examination methods. This seemingly objective knowledge of natural sciences has to be translated in social contents: policy has to regulate the Education of the selected children. The answer in the... Read more ...


Knowledge in its media staging

Yet, a sudden surge of political activity in that field really started in the late 1990´s, when media attention was being directed to several cases of “misbehaviour” committed by teachers and principals integrating disabled children and, thus, defying the laws in force at that time: “[..] a child, a mentally disabled child, had been taken out of the [regular] school, the state’s supervisory school authority did this, and put the child in a school for disabled children, although all the people... Read more ...


Knowledge inconsistencies

Our first findings show the principal differences between scientific knowledge production and its political usage. We see a reciprocal discontent between the scientific advisors or experts and the advised politicians: both of them blame the other side with not having enough knowledge to make scientific advising more effective. Read more ...


Institutional immunization against knowledge

The heterogeneity of interests reported to us by CSU-politicians, and the consequent maintaining of the existing educational possibilities in Bavaria with only the added option of integrative schooling, could be conveniently combined in the CSU´s decision-making process with the second crucial knowledge element we identified: the present institutional situation, as we already mentioned above. It is evident that a system of separated schools for healthy children on the one hand and all kinds... Read more ...


Knowledge: a precondition for policy?

This practice of negotiating the internal political will first, and then searching for knowledge supporting this point of view of the party, is not limited to the party of CSU, but has also been shown by the two other parties in the Bavarian Parliament at that time. For example, during a hearing with scientific and other experts, one representative of the Green Party reacted to the recommendation of one expert with the statement: "We will consider your suggestions, discuss them and if they... Read more ...


Knowledge and feasability

So, concludingly, the functional knowledge on the part of the CSU in the decision-making process seems to have been mainly personal knowledge about the feasibility and acceptability of political decisions gleaned in personal hearings with local actors, visits of schools etc., and institutional/legal knowledge about the present structures of the education sector and the social fields potentially affected by the amendment, including the possible feedback into the political process in the form... Read more ...


Governmental knowledge vs. oppositional knowledge

In this way, the boundaries of the knowledge mobilized by one party constitute the potential horizon of knowledge mobilized by the opposing one. In this case, the unwillingness or ignorance of the majority party to adopt scientific recommendations of integration experts, to secure financing and appropriate equipment (i.e. economic aspects) for the schools and to acknowledge statistical data depicting a severe selectiveness of the Bavarian school system defines exactly the knowledge areas... Read more ...


Legitimation by affliction

Transcending and overshadowing all forms of knowledge in the political process is a kind of knowledge we call “moral knowledge”. Read more ...


Genealogical knowledge

These two kinds of knowledge are evidently crucial for the chances of implementation of a potential law. By legal knowledge, we mean, on the hand, knowledge about the existing law and its practical consequences and, on the other hand, a basic understanding for the systematics of law, i.e. the eradiating influence of one law on other connected laws or regulations and legal entitlements generated hereby. “[..] You say the phrase `within the limits of their possibilities´ should be deleted... Read more ...


Targeting as a selective practice

The point of targeting was the most interesting one in the constellations where knowledge and policy unite. One of the main functions of Education systems is selection – and especially the Bavarian school systems tends to selecting. Read more ...


Media knowledge as moral knowledge

The analysis of the media underlines that it is firstly moral arguments - moral knowledge - which are the best transportable for the media. It is also clearly identifiable which aspects the media pick up out of press releases of parties and of research institutes: mostly they are arguments with some educating or enlightening components. Read more ...


Knowledge bricolage

There are actors and innovators, who apply the bricolage concept when it comes to change. They transport the knowledge contents, because knowledge cannot flow freely, it needs a transporting agent. These innovators initiate institutional recombination through knowledge transportation. Read more ...


User’s knowledge

experience based knowledge Read more ...


Translators

Our analyses have found a new kind of actor: one capable of “translating” between the fields of science and politics. This actor can be an individual or a specialized institution Read more ...


Parents changing the Bavarian education Law

The role of local actors in the decision making process is mainly confined to the implementation phase of the public action. But the role of local actors must not be underestimated in other stages of the public action as they are a source of knowledge themselves when it comes to implementation problems as well as structural and economic needs on the “ground.” Local actors have proven that they can transmit scientific and expert knowledge to decision makers and can play a needed role as... Read more ...


The process of individualisation in the regulation of end-of-life-decisions:
From professional guaranteed certainties to the will of the patient

The will of the patient is of growing importance in the medical encounter. People are increasingly addressed as accountable decision takers, which produces questions and problems with regard to medical, legal, ethical, political and practical aspects. This is particularly true for so called end-of-life-decisions. Between the years 2003 and 2009 a vivid public debate and multiple political efforts concerning the regulation of end-of-life-decisions have taken place in Germany. At the center... Read more ...


Regulation of end-of-life-decisions. The advance directive and the will of the patient

The case study of the German Health team analyses the societal and political attempts towards a legal regulation of end-of-life-decisions by the advance directive (living will, end-of-life-arrangement). Read more ...


VON DER HAGEN Alma

E-mail: Vdhagen aol.com


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